Michael Sokoloff, A dictionary of Judean Aramaic



Michael Sokoloff, A dictionary of Judean Aramaic
Judean Aramaic is the Aramaic dialect of the documents that were composed in Judea between c. 150 B.C.E.- 200 C.E. The texts in this dialect come from various sites in the Dead Sea region, the vicinity of Jerusalem, and from Tannaitic sources (Mishna, Tosefta). The recent accurate and complete publication of the epigraphic sources of this dialect written in cursive script has made the writing of this dictionary possible.
Judean Aramaic is the name given to the Aramaic dialect written by Jews in Judea between the Maccabean Period and the Bar Kokhba revolt. Until a generation ago, very little was known of this dialect since our only sources were sparce literary remains, such as Megillat Ta'anit and fragmentary Aramaic texts in the Mishna and the Tosefta.
The discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1974 led to intensive surveys in the region during which caves containing Aramaic texts from the first and second centuries C.E. were discovered. Additionally, a considerable number of epigraphic texts have recently been re-edited by Ada Yardeni whose work forms the basis of this dictionary.
The dictionary will be of interest to scholars and students of the Aramaic language and the history of Eretz Israel in the Second Temple and the post Second Temple Periods.
Michael Sokoloff is a professor in the department of Hebrew and Semitic languages at Bar Ilan University.

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